Brewing Tea

How to brew a delicious cup of tea?

Green tea has a specific taste, being a combination of natural bitterness and sweetness . Depending on the temperature of water used during brewing process, we can accent either bitterness or sweetness.

The bitterness in green tea is caused by the substance called “theanin”, which easily dissolves in 100°C. It means that the warmer the water, the more bitter our tea will become. If we like to have our tea sweet, we need to brew it in a certain temperature. Below we’d like to present methods of brewing different types of green tea.

Enjoy reading!

Sencha 煎茶

SENCHA for 2 persons
1. Put 4g of Sencha into a teapot (approx. 2 teaspoons).

2. Pour boiling water into a teacup, in order to reduce water’s temperature by 10-20 °C. Optimal temperature for brewing Sencha is 80 °C. Pouring water into teacup now will make it warmer and allow us to determine how much water should be poured into our teapot.

3. Pour the water from the teacup into teapot. Wait for 40-60 seconds.

4. Pour the tea into 2 teacups evenly. Make sure that no drop of tea was left in the teapot.

*It is important to pour small amount of tea into the first cup, and then the exact same (small) amount into the second cup and to continue to pour it this way. That way the last drops of tea, which have a strong flavour, will be divided into two teacups evenly. When we brew our tea for the second time, we need to lower the temperature of water and shorten our waiting time.

Gyokuro 玉露

GYOKURO for 2 persons

In order to enjoy the best taste of Gyokuro, the tea leaves need to be infused in water of lower temperature for longer time.

1. Pour boiling water into teacups, and after a few seconds pour it from teacups into a teapot. Then pour the water again from teapot into teacups – this process will cause temperature to drop to 50-60 degrees (60 degrees is optimal for this tea).

2. Put 6-7 g of Gyokuro into teapot (approx.. 3-4 teaspoons).

3. Pour water from teacups into teapot. Wait for 2 minutes.

4. Pour the tea into 2 teacups evenly. Make sure that no drop of tea was left in the teapot.

 

*It is important to pour small amount of tea into the first cup, and then the exact same (small) amount into the second cup and to continue to pour it this way. That way the last drops of tea, which have a strong flavour, will be divided into two teacups evenly.

Genmaicha 玄米茶

GENMAICHA for 2 persons

Genmaicha has a little bit of natural bitterness – thanks to that, even if we brew it in high temerature, it will not be too bitter. High temperature brings out characteristic and strong aroma of this tea.

1. Put 5g of Genmaicha (approx. 3 teaspoons) into teapot.

2. Pour boiling water into teapot – optimal temperature is 95 degrees.

3. Wait approx. 30 seconds. If you prefer strong flavour, you can wait a few seconds more .

4. Pour the tea into 2 teacups evenly. Make sure that no drop of tea was left in the teapot.

 

*It is important to pour small amount of tea into the first cup, and then the exact same (small) amount into the second cup and to continue to pour it this way. That way the last drops of tea, which have a strong flavour, will be divided into two teacups evenly.

Hojicha ほうじ茶

HOJICHA for 2 persons

Hojicha, similarly to Genmaicha, has a little bit of natural bitterness – thanks to that even if we brew it in high temerature, it will not be too bitter. High temperature brings out characteristic and strong aroma of this tea.

1. Put 3g of Hojicha (approx. 2 teaspoons) into teapot.

2. Pour boiling water into teapot – optimal temperature is 95 degrees.

3. Wait approx. 30 seconds. If you prefer strong flavour, you can wait a few  seconds more.

4. Pour the tea into 2 teacups evenly. Make sure that no drop of tea was left in the teapot.

 

*It is important to pour small amount of tea into the first cup, and then the exact same (small) amount into the second cup and to continue to pour it this way. That way the last drops of tea, which have a strong flavour, will be divided into two teacups evenly.

Matcha 抹茶

How to properly prepare a cup of matcha? This question was answered by Damian Pytlik, member of Urasenke Way of Tea Warsaw Urasenke Tankōkai Sunshinkai 裏千家淡交会ワルシャワ寸心協会

In order to prepare a cup of matcha, first we need to warm our cup. It’s best to do so with hot, but not boiling water – the ideal temperature should oscillate between 70-80 Celsius degrees . At this point we can put ‘chasen’ (bamboo whisk) into our cup, so it will become more elastic under the influence of the hot water. Next we should pour out the water, wipe our cup precisely, and then put approx. 2g of matcha powder in it. In the next step, we pour the water until 1/3 of our cup is full (approx. 70 ml) and we whisk it with chasen, moving our hand in straight line, from us and to back to us. We’re doing it until fluffy foam covers the surface. Matcha tea is drank immediately after preparation, so the traditional tea-sweets are eaten just before drinking. That way we are able to taste sweetness and bitterness at the same time – the full range of taste of human life.

Mr Damian shared with us some tips regarding storing matcha:

The can with matcha-tea should be stored in a fridge or freezer, just like coffee. Thanks to this, matcha powder will remain fresh and preserve its unique aroma. (You can put the can into a plastic bag, which prevents it from frozing up.)

Matcha, that was prepared in this way, will surely thrill both tea-connoisseur and those who start their adventure with tea, its flavour and aroma.

Kukicha 茎茶 - Karigane 雁ヶ音

KUKICHA-KARIGANE for 2 persons

Kukicha is a tea made out of twigs and stalks, and has a slightly sweet taste. In Kyoto Kukicha is called Karigane – its made out of Gyokuro and/or high-quality Sencha’s twigs and stalks. In order to bring out its natural sweetness, we need to follow a few rules.

1. Boil water and pour it into an empty teapot – the temperature will drop till 80-90 degrees.

2. Pour water from the teapot into 2 teacups – the temperature will drop by 10 degrees (70-80 degrees is optimal temperature for this tea).

3. Put approx. 4-6 g (3 teaspoons) of Kukicha-Karigane and pour the water.

4. Wait approx. 60 seconds, and then pour tea into cups evenly. Make sure that no drop of tea was left in the teapot.

 

*It is important to pour small amount of tea into the first cup, and then the exact same (small) amount into the second cup and to continue to pour it this way. That way the last drops of tea, which have a strong flavour, will be divided into two teacups evenly.

Oolong

Oolong, sometimes called blue tea, originated in Chinese provinces Fujian and Guangdong. But this tea is known in other Asian countries, such as Thailand or Vietnam.

Oolong has high levels of theanin and catechin, with low level of cafein. It has lots of health benefits, as it supports fat-burning, lowers blood pressure and the risks of cancer.

The correct way of brewing oolong:

1. Boil fresh water.

2. Add tea to a teapot and pour 95C degrees hot water.

3. Wait for 3 minutes, so the oolong will steep.

Enjoy its flavour 😀

Red Tea

Red tea is famous mainly for dieting support. But its not the only health benefit brought by this tea – it prevents cavity, lowers blood pressure and cholesterol, improves our memory and concentration.

The correct way of brewing red tea:

1. Boil fresh water.

2. Add tea to a teapot (1 teaspoon for 200ml water) and pour 95C degrees hot water.

3. Wait for 2 minutes, so the tea will steep.

Enjoy its flavour :D

 

Herbal Tea

Herbal teas can be beneficial for our health in many ways, depending on its components.

The correct way of brewing red tea:

1. Boil fresh water.

2. Add tea to a teapot (1 teaspoon for 200ml water) and pour 98C degrees hot water.

3. Wait for 5-6 minutes, so the tea will steep.

Enjoy its flavour :D